Source code for pyart.lazydict

A dictionary-like class supporting lazy loading of specified keys.


import itertools
from import MutableMapping

[docs]class LazyLoadDict(MutableMapping): """ A dictionary-like class supporting lazy loading of specified keys. Keys which are lazy loaded are specified using the set_lazy method. The callable object which produces the specified key is provided as the second argument to this method. This object gets called when the value of the key is loaded. After this initial call the results is cached in the traditional dictionary which is used for supplemental access to this key. Testing for keys in this dictionary using the "key in d" syntax will result in the loading of a lazy key, use "key in d.keys()" to prevent this evaluation. The comparison methods, __cmp__, __ge__, __gt__, __le__, __lt__, __ne__, nor the view methods, viewitems, viewkeys, viewvalues, are implemented. Neither is the the fromkeys method. Parameters ---------- dic : dict Dictionary containing key, value pairs which will be stored and evaluated traditionally. This dictionary referenced not copied into the LazyLoadDictionary and hence changed to this dictionary may change the original. If this behavior is not desired copy dic in the initalization. Examples -------- >>> d = LazyLoadDict({'key1': 'value1', 'key2': 'value2'}) >>> d.keys() ['key2', 'key1'] >>> lazy_func = lambda : 999 >>> d.set_lazy('lazykey1', lazy_func) >>> d.keys() ['key2', 'key1', 'lazykey1'] >>> d['lazykey1'] 999 """ def __init__(self, dic): """initalize.""" self._dic = dic self._lazyload = {} # abstract methods def __setitem__(self, key, value): """Set a key which will not be stored and evaluated traditionally.""" self._dic[key] = value if key in self._lazyload: del self._lazyload[key] def __getitem__(self, key): """Get the value of a key, evaluating a lazy key if needed.""" if key in self._lazyload: value = self._lazyload[key]() self._dic[key] = value del self._lazyload[key] return self._dic[key] def __delitem__(self, key): """Remove a lazy or traditional key from the dictionary.""" if key in self._lazyload: del self._lazyload[key] else: del self._dic[key] def __iter__(self): """Iterate over all lazy and traditional keys.""" return itertools.chain(self._dic.copy(), self._lazyload.copy()) def __len__(self): """Return the number of traditional and lazy keys.""" return len(self._dic) + len(self._lazyload) # additional class to mimic dict behavior def __str__(self): """Return a string representation of the object.""" if len(self._dic) == 0 or len(self._lazyload) == 0: seperator = "" else: seperator = ", " lazy_reprs = [(repr(k), repr(v)) for k, v in self._lazyload.items()] lazy_strs = ["{}: LazyLoad({})".format(*r) for r in lazy_reprs] lazy_str = ", ".join(lazy_strs) + "}" return str(self._dic)[:-1] + seperator + lazy_str
[docs] def has_key(self, key): """True if dictionary has key, else False.""" return key in self
[docs] def copy(self): """ Return a copy of the dictionary. Lazy keys are not evaluated in the original or copied dictionary. """ dic = self.__class__(self._dic.copy()) # load all lazy keys into the copy for key, value_callable in self._lazyload.items(): dic.set_lazy(key, value_callable) return dic
# lazy dictionary specific methods
[docs] def set_lazy(self, key, value_callable): """Set a lazy key to load from a callable object.""" if key in self._dic: del self._dic[key] self._lazyload[key] = value_callable